What Is Plagiarism?
Plagiarism is having someone’s ideas, words or work and using them as they are your own. It is unethical and wrong and still why does one plagiarize? Maybe, he or she is not confident, is lazy, or lacks time and you find this especially among students in academic environments. Most educational institutions across the world regard plagiarism as a serious offence. Students who write assignments are expected to follow plagiarism rules and comply with strict codes of conduct by being committed to academic integrity.
Plagiarism Rules to Follow
Most universities claim plagiarism as a perpetual issue, which they want to stop. Students who write research paper are prone to committing plagiarism, not aware of the consequences. To avoid legal complications, they need to adhere to a few simple plagiarism rules given below.
- Cite the Source Adequately
When using specific information, you need to cite the source immediately for there are chances that you may forget to include citations. Most institutions provide guidelines for the writing format and style, which helps you steer away plagiarism.
- Avoid Copying
Using someone’s words in your research paper will lead to a disciplinary action accused of plagiarism. Though using a few words with quotation marks and appropriate citation can help you avoid plagiarism, it is advisable to paraphrase the words that you have taken from the original source and include proper citation for better results.
- Get Permission for Using Images and Pictures
Like the content, photos and images are also protected by copyright laws. If you so desire, you can use the images from the original source after obtaining permission from the copyright holder, who generally charges a fee for it. In some instances, you are allowed to reuse the photos after attributing the source.
- Avoid Self-Plagiarism
Using the content that you have published earlier is not right for it results in self-plagiarism. Here it is a breach of copyright.
Types of Plagiarism
Whether intentional or unintentional, plagiarism is a pressing problem that is dealt with seriously. Some typical types of plagiarism are:
It is outright copying of someone else’s work or study as his or her own creation. Complete plagiarism is a serious form of plagiarism, where the words of the entire work of the original author is used deliberately. A writer, student, or researcher is accountable for the rules regulating someone’s work.
A distinctive type, mosaic plagiarism is completely intentional, wherein words and phrases are taken from various sources to create one’s own work. The ideas, sentences and passages are picked and used without rephrasing or with slight rephrasing. It is therefore termed patchwork plagiarism and is considered dishonest.
Direct plagiarism, also called verbatim plagiarism, is the result of word-for-word copying from the original source and using it as one’s own piece of writing without any quotation or not giving credit to the original author. With this kind of plagiarism, one is subject to disciplinary action on the grounds of being thoroughly unethical.
When you mislead others by using the work of someone by rephrasing the words and phrases and not citing the original author, it results in paraphrasing plagiarism. Other than paraphrasing the specific parts of the original writing, it is advisable to put in your own words a summary of the idea or argument given and attribute it properly.
Plagiarism may or may not be purposive; there are times when you commit it accidently. This occurs when students are really unaware of referencing conventions or fail to note down the citations. Though unintentional, this hardly protects them from any academic penalty. In the academic environment, it is obligatory on a student’s part not to copy the idea or follow the opinion of another student. If he or she does, it should be with proper attribution. How to practice avoiding plagiarism? Here are a few ways to do it.
Write Your Own Opinion or Idea
The purpose of studying in a university or college is to learn, understand and have your own opinion or view. Reproducing others’ ideas hamper the learning process and if it is without attribution, it weakens the ethos of learning. Though having your own views about the original author’s ideas may be difficult, you can paraphrase the writing while making an attempt to infer from the author’s arguments, assess them and draw conclusions. This helps avoid plagiarism.
Proper Citation of the Source
Writing assignments require a lot of research and if you borrow ideas from different sources, you need to cite each of them appropriately. Generally, students leave out the original sources for they forgot to record it or use a wrong citation format. Providing proper citation asks for complete details, including the date when it was published and adherence to citation styles.
Be Committed to Your Work
When you are committed to what you are doing, it will help you plan and prepare for it a way ahead. There is enough time to understand the task and if not clear, you can clarify it with your professor or teacher. Moreover, you have time to research and produce your findings, views and ideas in your own words and provide in-text citations.
Consequences of Plagiarism
The implications of plagiarism, especially for students are considered a serious offence. The penalties differ depending on how serious the situation is. You may lose marks, get a low grade, face disciplinary action, or expelled from the college or university. Any plagiarism, even if it is made inadvertently, results in potential disciplinary offence.
Check for Plagiarism
There is an increase in the number of plagiarism occurrences that finding an original piece of writing is difficult today. With loads of information available on your fingertip, it is easy to find different kinds of ideas and make them your own by reproducing them. There are several plagiarism checkers online that help you check for the copied content before sending any assignment. This helps you follow the plagiarism rules and steer away any copied words or phrases using the best plagiarism tool.