What Are In-Text Citations?

In-Text Citations form a significant part of a written document. A research paper or blog post contains references from one or more authors.

Online browsing provides individuals with a lot of information. Sometimes the source of a document or article published online is challenging to find. But that does not imply that the writer can avoid using the reference source in an article without proper citation.

In-text Citation

There are specific rules for citing works with no confirmed author or publication history. It is essential to know online sources’ rules because many researchers use online sources in their academic articles.

The Work Cited Page of a Dissertation Contains

The work cited page includes a list of all the reference texts that one uses in the paper. But to correctly identify the use of references in an article, in-text citations are used. An in-text citation is akin to a note inserted within the body of the text.

One usually puts it within the first brackets. It also helps the readers to quickly find the d tails of a particular reference from the works cited page by viewing the in-text citation.

According to the type of the source text, the format of the in-text citation differs. Reference texts with one or more authors are cited by mentioning the first author’s name, followed by et al.

The date of publication of the text and specific page numbers are there in the in-text citation.

One follows different citation styles for formatting the reference material used in the paper. As per the citation style, the in-text citation also varies slightly. It is important to follow only one citation style for an essay or article. In the case of research documents, the institute determines the writing style.

Due to the increased use of online journals and archives for research purposes, a specific format has been developed for citing information that has been found online. Hence, it is essential to know how to cite a blog or cite a website in an academic paper in the present scenario.

Format of APA In-Text Citation

In general, any type of in-text citation includes the author’s last name and publication year. The citation for a website provides author-date of publication, page numbers, and date of access in APA style.

When a particular site is used as a reference, it is essential to include the title and the website URL in the paper. It is vital to know about APA in-text citation website sources format to insert website references in an academic document correctly.

While using the author’s name on the website, one must use it in the in-text citation. In the absence of an author’s name, the article’s title is there for the in-text citation. One should italicize the title of the webpage in the reference.

  • While Citing Web Page with no Author:

When there is no author’s name, the website URL has to be kept within the first brackets. It should immediately follow the reference used in the document for an in-text citation in APA format.

  • In-text Citation for Paraphrased Sentences

It is essential to include the author’s last name and publication date from where the idea has been paraphrased to insert in-text citation for a paraphrased idea. After opening the first bracket, one should give the last name of the author.

Now, after placing a comma and space, the year of publication is entered. The closing first bracket is inserted after the year, and the punctuation mark is used after the closing first bracket. It is incorrect to use the period before finishing the in-text citation.

When excerpts from an online journal website or eBook are there, it is essential to add the paragraph number after the publication date. When two different texts are used as a reference, both the references are given within a single in-text citation.

After writing the publication date of the first reference text, a semicolon and space are given. Then the second reference is provided in the same format. The closing first bracket is there, after the last reference, and the punctuation mark after that.

Format of MLA In-Text Citation

MLA is another citation style that researchers commonly use for research and document writing. It is essential to verify the web source’s authenticity to cite scholarly articles on the internet with MLA style. One can use more than one authentic websites for research work.

It is essential to follow the in-text citation with a separate entry on the research paper’s cited page. The MLA in-text citation website rules are quite simple.

  • Parenthesis Citation

Parenthesis is used for the in-text citation. The author’s last name is there within parenthesis right after the reference text in the document. This form of in-text citation for websites is possible only when the website provides a legit author’s name.

  • Web Page In-Text Citation

When a particular page that has been created by a group is used for citation purposes, then only the title of the webpage is used in-text citation.

web page citation

The name of the web page is kept within the first brackets and enclosed by double quotation marks. Only the author’s last name is written within the first brackets to cite a blog post within the text.

  • While Citing Two or More Authors

According to MLA format, both authors are cited in the text when there are two web source authors. The first author’s name with the last name, in the beginning, followed by a comma and space. After that, the author’s first name, a comma, is used, followed by ‘and.’

The name of the second author is there as it is. In the case of in-text citations, the sentence period comes after completing the in-text citation.


It is vital to know the rules for in-text citation in a research paper to cite an online article. It is also prudent to check for plagiarism so that the works cited list is complete in all aspects.


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